Costa Rica is a small country with a traditional culture, and the Costa Rican’s (Tico’s) are very proud of their country and their culture.
In commemoration of 196 years of independence, here are Costa Rica’s National Symbols.
The Costa Rican flag was declared a National Symbol on September 29, 1848.
The official coat of arms has been a national symbol since 1848, and the National Ensign: The Flag with the Emblem is used for official government acts.
The National Anthem was composed in 1852 by Manuel María Gutiérrez, and the lyrics were written by José María Zeledón in 1903.
The Guaria Morada was declared the national flower in 1939, and it is one of the 1400+ species of orchids found throughout the country
Costa Rica’s National Tree is the Guanacaste and it was declared a national symbol in 1959. Many of these huge shade trees are found in the province of Guanacaste.
The Yiguirro was declared the national bird in 1977, and they sing powerful and melodious songs.
The hand-painted Ox cart was declared the national symbol of labor in 1988. The carts were the primary method to transport crops from farms to the ports.
The White-Tailed Deer was declared the national symbol of fauna in 1995.
The Marimba was declared the National Instrument in 1996 and many traditional Costa Rican songs are played on the Marimba with the intention to preserve national culture and folklore.
The symbolic torch represents Central America’s sovereignty from Spain in 1821, and every September 15, it is passed from Guatemala to Costa Rica.
Los Crestones Point in the Talamanca Mountain Range was declared a national symbol in 2011. This unique natural phenomenon can be seen from the Valley of El General as well as from sectors on the Pacific Coast.
The Manatee is the National Marine Mammal, and this endangered species thrives in protected sanctuaries on Costa Rica’s Caribbean Coast.
The pre-Columbian, Diquis Stone Spheres were declared a national symbol and their principal location in the valley of the Rio Grande de Térraba was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2014.
The writer, Tom Rosenberger has lived and worked in Costa Rica for 24 years and from his travels throughout the country, he has acquired a wealth of knowledge about living in Costa Rica. If you have questions and would like to contact Tom click here.